The North German Lowland (German: Norddeutsches Tiefland), is a vast plain region in Germany that stretches from the North and Baltic seas southwards to the foreland of the Central German Uplands (German: Deutsches Mittelgebirge). The North German Lowland is a part of the Great European Plain, and its geographical features were shaped by glaciers in the past.


This lowland region can be further divided into three distinct areas: marshland and coastal areas, moraine regions, and loess regions. The marshland and coastal areas are located along the coastlines of the North and Baltic seas and are characterized by flat, low-lying terrain. These areas are known for their unique flora and fauna and are home to several nature reserves.


The moraine regions were formed by glacial action and can be divided into two categories: newly formed top moraine regions and regions that had been formed by glaciers before the last ice age. The newly formed top moraine regions are characterized by many lakes, which were created by the melting of glaciers and are known as kettle holes. These lakes are popular tourist destinations and offer various recreational activities such as swimming, fishing, and boating. The most fertile soils in Germany can also be found in these areas, making them significant agricultural regions.


The loess regions spread to the foreland of the Central German Uplands and are characterized by a thick layer of loess soil, which is fertile and ideal for agriculture. The loess regions are also known for their distinct landscape features such as sand dunes and river valleys.



The North German Lowland is home to several large cities, including Berlin, Hamburg, and Hanover, as well as numerous smaller towns and villages. These urban areas serve as important economic and cultural centers, offering a variety of attractions and activities for visitors.