Cologne, or Köln in German, is located in the western part of Germany. It is the fourth largest city in the country. Cologne, or Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium as it was known during the Roman era, has a rich history that dates back over 2,000 years. Founded in 50 AD by the Roman general Agrippa, Cologne quickly became one of the most important cities in the Roman Empire.
One of the most impressive examples of Roman engineering in Cologne is the Roman aqueduct. This aqueduct was built in the 1st century AD and was used to transport water from the Eifel Mountains to the city. The aqueduct was over 95 kilometers long and was an impressive feat of engineering that still stands as a testament to the ingenuity of the Roman Empire.
One of the most iconic landmarks in Cologne is the Cologne Cathedral, or Kölner Dom in German. It is a magnificent Gothic cathedral located in the heart of the city and one of the most iconic landmarks as well as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Construction of the cathedral began in 1248, but it wasn't completed until 1880, over 600 years later. The cathedral's facade is adorned with intricate stone carvings and sculptures, including a depiction of the Last Judgment above the entrance. The cathedral's two towers are also a prominent feature, with one tower standing at 157 meters, making it one of the tallest church towers in the world. Visitors can climb to the top of the cathedral's south tower to enjoy panoramic views of Cologne. One of the most famous features of the interior is the Shrine of the Three Kings, which is said to contain the bones of the Magi who visited Jesus after his birth. The shrine is a masterpiece of medieval goldsmithing and is considered one of the most important relics of Christianity.
Cologne is also famous for its Old Town, or Altstadt in German. It's a great place to wander around and explore, and visitors can also stop by the Old Market Square, or Alter Markt, which is home to a range of street performers and vendors selling local crafts and souvenirs.
Finally, Cologne is famous for its carnival celebrations, which take place every year in February. The carnival, or Karneval in German, is a time for locals and visitors to dress up in colorful costumes, attend parades, and enjoy traditional music and food. It's a fun and lively event that attracts people from all over the world.