THE GERMAN STATES
The Federal Republic of Germany is made up of 16 federal states.
Germany has three city states: Berlin, Bremen and Hamburg.
Surface area: 357.340 km²
Baden-Württemberg is a state in southwestern Germany, bordered by France, Switzerland, and Austria. It is the third-largest state in Germany, both in terms of area and population. The capital of Baden-Württemberg is Stuttgart, which is also the largest city in the state.
Baden-Württemberg is known for its beautiful natural scenery, including the Black Forest and the Swabian Alps. It is also home to many historic and cultural sites, such as the city of Heidelberg and the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Maulbronn Monastery.
The state has a strong economy, with a focus on manufacturing, particularly in the automotive and machinery industries. Some of the world's largest companies, such as Daimler, Bosch, and Porsche, are based in Baden-Württemberg. The state is also known for its high standard of living, excellent healthcare, and education system.
Baden-Württemberg is a diverse and multicultural state, with a rich history and a strong regional identity. It is a popular destination for tourists, students, and professionals alike, offering a wide range of opportunities for work, study, and leisure.
Bavaria is a state located in southeastern Germany, known for its stunning natural beauty, rich history, and cultural traditions. It is the largest state in Germany and is home to major cities such as Munich, Nuremberg, and Augsburg.
The state of Bavaria is famous for its beautiful landscapes, including the Bavarian Alps and the Danube River. It is also known for its rich history, as it was the birthplace of many famous historical figures, such as Ludwig II, the "Mad King" who built the famous Neuschwanstein Castle.
Bavaria is also known for its strong economy, with a diverse range of industries such as automotive manufacturing, engineering, and technology. The state is also home to major companies such as BMW and Siemens, as well as many small and medium-sized enterprises.
Bavaria is renowned for its cultural traditions, including the annual Oktoberfest celebration in Munich, which attracts millions of visitors from around the world. The state is also famous for its cuisine, which includes dishes such as Bavarian sausage, pretzels, and beer.
Bavaria is a diverse and multicultural state, with a strong regional identity and a thriving tourism industry. It offers a wide range of opportunities for work, study, and leisure, and is a popular destination for visitors from around the world.
Berlin is the capital city and state of Germany, located in the northeastern part of the country. It is the largest city in Germany, both in terms of population and area, and is known for its rich history, vibrant culture, and diverse population.
The city of Berlin has a storied history, having been the site of major events such as the Berlin Wall and the fall of the Soviet Union. It is home to many historic landmarks, such as the Brandenburg Gate and the Berlin Cathedral, as well as museums and art galleries that showcase its rich cultural heritage.
Berlin is also a city of innovation, with a thriving tech industry and a vibrant startup scene. It is home to major companies such as SoundCloud and Zalando, as well as many small and medium-sized enterprises.
The city is renowned for its vibrant nightlife, with a wide range of bars, clubs, and music venues catering to a diverse population. It is also known for its street art, with many neighborhoods showcasing colorful murals and graffiti.
Berlin is a multicultural city, with residents from over 190 different countries, making it a hub of diversity and inclusivity. The city is also home to major universities and research institutions, making it an ideal destination for students and academics.
Overall, Berlin is a dynamic and exciting city with a rich history, diverse culture, and thriving economy, offering endless opportunities for work, study, and leisure.
Brandenburg is a state located in northeastern Germany, bordering the capital city of Berlin. It is the fifth-largest state in Germany, both in terms of area and population, and is known for its natural beauty, historical landmarks, and cultural heritage.
The state of Brandenburg is home to many national parks, including the Spreewald Biosphere Reserve and the Lower Oder Valley National Park, which are known for their diverse flora and fauna. It is also home to many lakes, rivers, and canals, making it a popular destination for water sports and recreation.
Brandenburg has a rich history, having been the site of many significant events throughout German history, including the rise and fall of the Prussian Empire. It is home to many historic landmarks, such as the Sanssouci Palace in Potsdam, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The state has a diverse economy, with a focus on manufacturing, transportation, and tourism. It is home to major companies such as Volkswagen, BASF, and Siemens, as well as many small and medium-sized enterprises.
Brandenburg is a multicultural state, with a rich cultural heritage that includes traditional music, cuisine, and festivals. It is home to many museums, theaters, and galleries that showcase the state's cultural offerings.
Overall, Brandenburg is a state with a unique blend of natural beauty, historical landmarks, and cultural heritage.
Bremen is a city-state located in the northwest region of Germany, bordered by Lower Saxony to the east and the North Sea to the north. With a population of around 570,000 people, Bremen is the smallest of Germany's 16 federal states, but it is a significant economic and cultural hub of the country.
Despite its small size, Bremen is home to several large companies, including Daimler AG, Airbus, and Beck's Brewery. The city also has a bustling port that serves as a major trade hub for Northern Europe. Additionally, Bremen is known for its vibrant cultural scene, with numerous museums, theaters, and music venues attracting visitors from around the world.
Hamburg is a bustling city-state in northern Germany, situated on the banks of the Elbe River and the North Sea. With a population of over 1.8 million people, Hamburg is the second-largest city in Germany after Berlin and a major economic and cultural center of the country.
As a major port city, Hamburg has a long history of international trade and commerce, with industries ranging from shipping and logistics to finance and technology. The city's port is the third-largest in Europe and serves as a gateway to the world, connecting Hamburg to global markets and cultures.
In addition to its economic importance, Hamburg is also a cultural hub, with a thriving arts and entertainment scene. The city is home to several museums, theaters, and music venues, including the Elbphilharmonie concert hall, which is considered one of the world's most acoustically advanced buildings.
With a population of approximately 6.3 million people, Hesse is the seventh-largest state in Germany and a significant economic and cultural center of the country.
Hesse is home to several major cities, including Frankfurt, the largest financial center of continental Europe, and Wiesbaden, the state capital. The state is also known for its beautiful landscapes, including the Rhine Valley, the Taunus Mountains, and the Odenwald Forest, which attract tourists from around the world.
Economically, Hesse is a powerhouse, with industries ranging from finance and services to manufacturing and technology. The state's central location and excellent transportation infrastructure make it a strategic location for international trade and commerce.
Niedersachsen, or Lower Saxony, is a located in the northwest of Germany, bordering the North Sea to the north and the Netherlands to the west. It is the second-largest state in terms of land area, covering approximately 47,600 square kilometers, and is home to over 8 million people.
The capital city of Niedersachsen is Hanover, which is also the state's largest city and serves as an important hub for transportation, trade, and industry. Other major cities in Niedersachsen include Braunschweig, Osnabrück, and Oldenburg.
Niedersachsen has a diverse economy, with sectors ranging from agriculture and manufacturing to services and tourism. The state is home to several large automotive and aerospace companies, including Volkswagen and Airbus, and is a leading producer of renewable energy.
The state's natural beauty and rich cultural history also make it a popular destination for tourists. Niedersachsen is home to several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, such as the Wadden Sea National Park and the Fagus Factory, and is known for its charming towns and picturesque landscapes.
Niedersachsen is also home to several prestigious universities, including the University of Göttingen and the Leibniz University Hannover, which attract students and researchers from all over the world.
Mecklenburg Vorpommern is located in the northeast of Germany, bordered by the Baltic Sea to the north and Poland to the east. It covers an area of approximately 23,000 square kilometers and has a population of around 1.6 million people. The state's capital is Schwerin, which is home to several historical landmarks, including the Schwerin Castle and the State Museum. Other major cities in Mecklenburg Vorpommern include Rostock, the largest city in the state, and Stralsund, a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its Gothic architecture.
Mecklenburg Vorpommern is known for its pristine natural landscapes, including the famous Baltic Sea beaches and the Mecklenburg Lake District, which is the largest interconnected system of lakes in Germany. The state also has several national parks, such as the Jasmund National Park and the Müritz National Park, which are home to a diverse array of flora and fauna.
The state's economy is primarily based on tourism, agriculture, and maritime industries, with major ports in Rostock and Sassnitz. Mecklenburg Vorpommern also has a growing high-tech industry and is home to several research institutions and universities.
Overall, Mecklenburg Vorpommern offers a unique combination of natural beauty, historical landmarks, and economic opportunities, making it a fascinating and rewarding place to live, work, and visit.
North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) is the most populous state in Germany, located in the western part of the country. It was formed in 1946 after World War II by the merger of the former Prussian provinces of Rhineland and Westphalia.
It is home to the city of Cologne, known for its impressive cathedral and vibrant nightlife. Other notable cities in NRW include Düsseldorf, Essen, Dortmund, and Bonn.
NRW has a number of natural wonders, including the Eifel National Park, the Teutoburg Forest, and the Rur Valley. These areas offer visitors a chance to explore the region and participate in outdoor activities such as hiking, cycling, and camping.
Rhineland-Palatinate is located in southwestern Germany, bordered by France, Luxembourg, and the German states of Saarland, Hesse, and North Rhine-Westphalia. The state was formed in 1946 by the merger of the former states of Rhineland and Palatinate. It has a rich cultural and historical heritage, with a number of notable landmarks and attractions. It is home to the city of Mainz, known for its impressive cathedral and as the birthplace of the printing press. Other notable cities include Trier, Koblenz, and Kaiserslautern.
In addition to its cultural offerings, the state is known for its wine industry, with several regions producing high-quality wines such as Riesling and Pinot Noir.
Furthermore, Rhineland-Palatine has a diverse landscape, with the Rhine River running through the state and several areas of natural beauty, including the Palatinate Forest and the Eifel region.
Saarland is a small state located in southwestern Germany, bordered by France and the German states of Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland. It is the smallest state in Germany by both size and population, with an area of just over 2,500 square kilometers and a population of around one million people.
Despite its small size, Saarland has a rich cultural heritage, with a number of notable landmarks and attractions. It is home to the city of Saarbrücken, the state capital, which boasts a number of museums, theaters, and other cultural institutions. Other notable cities include Völklingen, Neunkirchen, and St. Wendel.
The state is also home to several national parks and nature reserves, including the Saar-Hunsrück Nature Park and the Bliesgau Biosphere Reserve.
Saxony is located in eastern Germany, bordered by the states of Brandenburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia, and Bavaria, as well as the Czech Republic and Poland. It is the sixth-largest state in Germany with a population of around four million people.
Saxony is home to the city of Dresden, known for its stunning architecture, including the Frauenkirche and Zwinger Palace. Other cities in Saxony include Leipzig, Chemnitz, and Zwickau. The state is also home to the Saxon Switzerland National Park, a stunning area of rock formations and forested hills, as well as the Erzgebirge (Ore Mountains), a range of mountains that straddle the border between Germany and the Czech Republic.
Saxony-Anhalt is located in central Germany, bordered by the states of Lower Saxony, Brandenburg, Saxony, and Thuringia. It has a population of around 2.2 million people and home to the city of Magdeburg, the state capital, which boasts a number of museums, theaters, and other cultural institutions. Other notable cities in Saxony-Anhalt include Halle, Dessau, and Lutherstadt Wittenberg, which is famous for its association with the Protestant Reformation.
Several areas designated as national parks or nature reserves. The state is home to the Harz National Park, a stunning area of forested hills and mountain streams, as well as the Elbe River, which is a popular destination for boating and fishing.
Schleswig-Holstein is located in northern Germany, bordered by the North Sea, the Baltic Sea, and the states of Lower Saxony and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. It is the northernmost state in Germany, with an area of just over 15,000 square kilometers and a population of around 2.9 million people. The state is home to the city of Kiel, the state capital, which is famous for its sailing events, including the Kiel Week regatta. Other notable cities in Schleswig-Holstein include Lübeck, Flensburg, and Husum. Furthermore, the state is home to the Wadden Sea National Park, a stunning area of tidal flats, salt marshes, and sandbanks that is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
There are several major ports in Schleswig-Holstein, including the Port of Kiel and the Port of Lübeck.
Thuringia is located in central Germany, bordered by the states of Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Hesse, Bavaria, and Lower Saxony. The state has a number of notable landmarks and attractions. It is home to the city of Erfurt, the state capital, which boasts a number of medieval buildings and a stunning cathedral. Other notable cities in Thuringia include Weimar, Jena, and Gotha. Several areas are designated as national parks or nature reserves. The state is home to the Thuringian Forest, a stunning area of wooded hills and mountains, as well as the Hainich National Park, which is home to some of the last remaining ancient beech forests in Europe.