• 30,000 people demanded national unity and more freedom
  • The flag of modern Germany was raised for the first time at the Hambach Festival

The Hambach Festival was a historic event that took place on May 27th, 1832, in Hambach Castle near Neustadt, Germany. The festival was attended by approximately 30,000 people, who came from different parts of Germany to demand national unity, freedom of the press, individual civil rights, and democracy.


MAY 27 - MAY 30, 1832

During the early 19th century, Germany was not a unified country but was rather divided into multiple independent states and territories. This was largely due to the effects of the Napoleonic Wars, which had left Germany in a state of political disarray. However, the wars also left a sense of national unity among Germans, who felt a common identity and a desire for political change.


The German Confederation, which was established in 1815 to restore political order to the region, soon became a target of criticism from those who wanted more rights within a unified Germany. The Hambach Festival was a culmination of this movement, with people coming together to demand greater political representation and individual liberties.

At the festival, numerous political speeches were given, and songs were sung to express the demands of the people. The most notable event of the festival was the raising of the black, red, and gold banner, which would go on to become the German Tricolor. The Tricolor was not only a symbol of national unity but also a symbol of freedom and liberty in German history, similar to the Liberty Bell in Philadelphia. For the first time, the black-red-gold tricolor flag was carried forward and hoisted atop the tallest tower at the Hambach Festival. The present-day flag traces its origins back to the merchant Johann Philipp Abresch, who established the order of colors. The flag he raised at Hambach Castle bore the inscription: 'Germany's Rebirth.'


The Hambach Festival was a significant milestone in the history of German democratic ideas and values. It inspired many Germans to continue the struggle for political change and contributed to the eventual unification of Germany in 1871. The festival remains an important part of German history and is remembered as a symbol of hope and progress towards a more democratic and just society.